Category Archives: Updates

Scholarship not approved for my PhD admission offer @ University of Birmingham Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies

Dear Friends

I know there are friends, concerned people, and interested readers out there— who would appreciate this update. Therefore, I thought would update you on the latest outcome of this past journey, regarding my earlier received offer to begin the PhD programme this September with the University of Birmingham Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies.

To avoid repetition, visit the following link to read my earlier March 2019 post, where I provide an overview to this whole endeavour:
https://monteleerice.wordpress.com/2019/03/03/have-received-formal-admission-offer-phd-programme-university-of-birmingham-centre-for-pentecostal-and-charismatic-studies

Hence, as I mentioned in my last March blog post, there was a scholarship I had applied for, and was waiting for the outcome. By early May, I received the answer; it was not approved. At that point, I thought maybe, the story now over.

Yet then in later in the month, it was pointed out to me that I became eligible for another new scholarship that just emerged— specifically for students from the Asia region; somehow, I qualified for that. Hence, I was advised to quickly apply and an answer would be made prior to the mid-July registration process. Which is right now.

So today I just received an email, detailing how to go about the registration to begin my programme in this coming September. Unfortunately, yesterday I received news, that once again: that scholarship possibility that might have substantially helped kick-start everything— was not approved.

Yet thanks be to God.
For as I posted the other day:
Thank God, for the air we breathe, the food we have, and my ever-supporting wife at my side.
Thanks be to God whom I serve with a grateful heart.

Meanwhile, also earlier last month, I was formally invited to apply for another PhD programme, closer to home here in Southeast Asia. A programme that would be radically less expensive. Yet, if was to do that, it would still have its financial mountains to climb every year, including the costs of a yearly two-month residential stay. And on top of that, I would then need to work through how an appropriate supervisor could be found for my doctoral project, and possibly revising my proposal at the onset; which is something I am not I have presently have the stamina or resolve right now.

Therefore, I am presently not sure about whether I should resolve trying again. Birmingham already represents the third time the past few years, I have been formally accepted into a PhD programme, yet unable to go forward because the financial means has just remained for me— a bridge too far.

Let me also say that I have held this aspiration for a few decades; ever since my mid-20’s. Yet the chance kept alluding me. Then I went off to what we called back then, the mission field. And for the rest of my life— I became a missionary. Then several years ago, I have wanted to write the dissertation in this area of Pentecostal liturgical theology (hence, spirituality) and get it published, and in the process— let it shape my message to the Church worldwide. All in the key of Pentecost.
I am presently wrestling with many things. And I suppose— wrestling with God, who has summoned me long ago to be His servant towards saving the nations and healing creation through preaching the Gospel of Christ our Saviour, Sanctifier, Spirit baptiser, Healer, and Coming King.

Hence, I remain increasingly passionate about one thing:
To preach the Pentecostal Full Gospel of Christ for renewing the Church worldwide, discipling the nations, and healing creation.

This sustained mission continually impassions with the desire to help foster Pentecostal spirituality and its theological tradition worldwide—for the unifying renewal of the global Church and the greater glory of God. This vision thus clarifies my identity as an ecumenical Pentecostal. I believe it is the cause that should navigate the ongoing outcome of my life.

How you can pray, and help
Over these past years, I have often asked the Lord for a new “Macedonian Vision”:
Show us Lord not a way, but Your way.
Grant us the open door that none can shut
For You have crucified us to the world
And the world to us.

So as you show us Your way
May we let your whole world
Set the horizons before us
That we may go and come
Wherever You send us
In the fullness of Christ’s blessing.
Amen.

So brothers and sisters, I seek your prayer for Jee Fong and I.
It is highly possible— that for numerous reasons, the “door” for achieving the long desired PhD aspiration has now passed for me. I recognise that. This may be over; or maybe not. I am not yet fully sure.

Yet what I sure is this:
I am the servant of the Lord.
Speak Lord, for your servant listens.
Here am I. Send me.

If you feel prompted to share or initiate with me any new relations, networks, or platforms for some new forward movement, or perhaps anything pertaining to what I have shared here— feel free to contact me.

May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, God’s love, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit— increase and equip you with all good gifts of Heaven, that you may labour with God in His mission to heal the world.

The peace of Christ be yours through the power of God’s Spirit,

Monte

monterice@gmail.com
monteleerice.wordpress.com
linkedin.com/in/monterice

The Spirit of Jesus is filling
Sons and daughters of Pentecost
Who know their home at the altar of sacrifice.
From there they go, receiving from the Father
Many gifts for healing the world.
For the heart of God is an altar, where the burns the most flammable substance in all creation: His unfailing love. And this love generates— the fires of Pentecost.

Blog logo - pentecost

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Maundy Thurday reflection on Urbana 81

December, 1981.
Urbana 81 student missions conference.
I was a fairly new Christian, yet God enabled me to attend the Urbana 81 student missions conference at the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana. For all four mornings, the great Scottish Presbyterian Bible expositor, Rev Eric Alexander, eloquently preached from the book of Acts. The attached clip records his final message, which was from Acts chapter 13, where the Holy Spirit said, “Set apart for me, Paul and Barnabus, for the work to which I have called them.” Rev. Alexander began by leading us in the following prayer:
“We bow our wills before your lordship.
Render us obedient to all you would say.
We lay our affections at your feet.
We pray that you would take them, and that we may be filled today, with zeal for your glory.
Through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

I remember that at some point that week, I was in my dormitory room. I got down on my knees, and surrendered my life to the cause of world missions. That was a holy week, and I prayed on holy ground. Eventually, all that happened that week, steered my life’s course— for the rest of my life. In some ways, just like Elisha the prophet, all the my “plowing tools” were there burned, and made fire for the altar. Choices were made, and I set my face like flint to the great cause I heard that week in December 81. Then like a migrant I was sent off to the world, and it has been that way ever since.

With much thanks to God, this is my Maundy Thursday reflection.

For the world you love
Take our hands Lord;
With the love that nailed Yours to the cross,
Pierce ours to the world You love.

Take our feet Lord;
With the love that set Yours far beyond the city gates,
Set them out to the world You love.

Take our hearts Lord;
With the love that broke Your life on Calvary,
Pour out our lives for the world You love.
Amen.

Have received formal admission offer: PhD programme – University of Birmingham Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies

Dear Friends

For your prayerful remembrance (see the section below on how you can pray and help), I would like to update you that in January this year, I received a formal admission offer from the University of Birmingham (UK), to begin in this coming October through a long distance arrangement, the PhD programme through their Centre of Pentecostal Charismatic Studies.  You can view the Admissions Offer at the following link:

https://app.box.com/s/p8yi6xm7va6z4ssh12eu21qceqspq0gd

God willing, once I start in October this year, I would have four years to write the dissertation. There will be no course work; just dissertation writing under my supervisor’s monthly supervision, and a yearly trip to Birmingham (covered under the yearly tuition fees).

Overview of the Department of Theology & Centre for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies

Let me briefly describe the institution’s global stature, along with how my dissertation falls within its concerns. While statistics vary, the University of Birmingham’s Department of Theology and Philosophy often ranks as the 24th top theology department worldwide.  Under this department falls the Centre for Pentecostal and Christian Studies, which is the world’s first Pentecostal/Charismatic Studies centre, created in the 1970’s by the late founder of “Pentecostal Studies,” Walter J. Hollenweger.

For more information, you can visit the following link: https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/ptr/departments/theologyandreligion/research/pentecostal.aspx]

 

My Supervisor: Dr Wolfgang Vondey

Dr Wolfgang Vondey is one of the world’s premier Pentecostal theologians. One of his focuses is Pentecostal liturgical theology; meaning, focus on how Pentecostal worship practices shape Pentecostal belief and spirituality. This directly relates to my dissertation research, which I next describe.  At the following link, you can view his profile:

https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/staff/profiles/tr/vondey-wolfgang.aspx

Summary of my dissertation project

I have titled my dissertation project as, “Towards a Pentecostal Theology of Epiclesis: Ascetic Spirituality in Pentecostal Liturgical Theology.”  For those needing clarity here, “epiclesis” refers Spirit-invoking prayer, and “ascetic” to bodily practices in spirituality.  At the following link, you can view a brief summary (about 500 words) of my dissertation research project:

https://app.box.com/s/aoz868o3zq4f0cryu0hwmkdbn47d90y0

My dissertation will thus specifically focus on assessing emerging Pentecostal liturgical theologies worldwide, particularly to how they attend to the notion of Pentecostal “oral” liturgy (e.g., Pentecostal “oral”-based practices of worship).

Some have asked me what would be some practical implications of the dissertation.  Well, it is really all about constructing a Pentecostal theology of prayer.  So it is all about retrieving the relevant themes from Pentecostal spirituality and appropriating them towards the life of prayer; especially prayer that calls on the Father for renewed comings of the Spirit of Jesus, to renew the church in behalf of the world’s healing.

How I came into Birmingham route

As many of you may recall, in 2017 I was not able to go forward with my PhD programme with Bangor University (Wales, UK) due to financial constraints.  Around May last year, I pretty much concluded that circumstances have virtually closed once for all, this aspiration for me. Yet then by June, Dr Vondey, Director of the PhD programme for the Centre of Pentecostal Charismatic Studies at Birmingham, invited me to apply for their programme.

He expressed two reasons that prompted him.  First was having sat in on my presentation on a similar theme at the March 2018 Annual Meeting for the Society for Pentecostal Studies, he took an interest in my intended research on Pentecostal liturgical theologies, as it falls within his own work and interests. Incidentally, the Journal for Pentecostal Theology published that paper in their fall 2018 issue.  Second was awareness that I could not go earlier forward due to financial constraints.  He suggested there may be scholarships within Birmingham that might substantially enable me to forward with their own PhD programme.  So I followed through with his suggestions for revising my doctoral proposal, completed all the application procedures by early August last year, and finally received a formal admissions offer in early January this year.

I remain increasingly passionate about one thing:

To preach the Pentecostal Full Gospel of Christ for renewing the Church worldwide, discipling the nations, and healing creation.

This sustained mission continually impassions with the desire to help foster Pentecostal spirituality and its theological tradition worldwide—for the unifying renewal of the global Church and the greater glory of God.  This vision thus clarifies my identity as an ecumenical Pentecostal.  I believe it is the cause that should navigate the ongoing outcome of my life.

Now if it does not come together, I am ok with that, for to the best my conscience, I have strove to keep this long-held aspiration on the altar.  Yet for now, I feel strongly obliged to follow through with these steps before me— while leaving the outcome in God’s hands and best for our future.  I perhaps should also say that Jee Fong is fully behind me in this, and praying with me through the journey.  Therefore, my posture is this: if it all comes together, thank God; and if it does not it— thanks be to God!  Blessed be the name of the Lord!

How you can pray, and help

I have recently applied for a Birmingham-offered scholarship that I was qualified to apply for.  The outcome will be known at some point from mid to the end of May.  If approved, it may cover more than half of my first year’s tuition fees.  However, that means I would still need to raise another substantial sum to just begin the programme.  The bottom line is that beginning and finishing the programme, would require— a lot of miracles, all the way through.

Yet, I believe in miracles.  And I believe in the power of prayer.

I am therefore asking for your prayerful intercession, towards this aspiration.

And I also ask and value your involvement in any way possible, towards any new ministerial, church, organisational, or collaborative relations that may help foster these aspirations.  If you feel prompted to share or initiate with me any new relations, networks, or platforms that can help bring this great endeavour to pass— please contact me.  I would be glad to hear from you.

May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, God’s love, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit— increase and equip you with all good gifts of Heaven, that you may labour with God in His mission to heal the world.

The peace of Christ be yours through the power of God’s Spirit,

Monte

monterice@gmail.com
monteleerice.wordpress.com
sg.linkedin.com/in/monterice

 

The Spirit of Jesus is filling

Sons and daughters of Pentecost

Who know their home at the altar of sacrifice.

From there they go, receiving from the Father

Many gifts for healing the world.

For the heart of God is an altar, where the burns the most flammable substance in all creation: His unfailing love. And this love generates— the fires of Pentecost.
Blog logo - pentecost

 

PhD programme Admission Offer from University of Birmingham

Dear Friends

Through the Spirit of God who proclaims the healing of Jesus to all creation— grace, peace, and joy be yours in increasing fullness!

For your prayerful remembrance, I would like to update you on a new development that transpired over the past several months regarding my aspired PhD endeavours.

As many of you may recall, last year I was not able to go forward with my PhD programme with Bangor University (Wales, UK) due to financial constraints. By around May this year, I pretty much concluded that circumstances have virtually closed once for all, this aspiration for me. Yet then by June Dr Wolfgang Vondey, Director of the PhD programme for the Centre of Pentecostal Charismatic Studies (CPCS) under the University of Birmingham (UK), invited me to apply for their programme.

Vondey basically expressed two main reasons that prompted him. First was awareness that I could not go forward with the Bangor programme dues to financial constraints. He stated that there may be scholarships within the University of Birmingham that might substantially cover me through their programme. The other reason was having sat in on my paper delivery on a similar theme last March at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Pentecostal Studies, he took an interest in my intended research on Pentecostal liturgical theologies, as it falls within his own work and interests. Incidentally, the Journal for Pentecostal Theology published that paper in their fall 2018 issue.

So I followed through with his suggestions for revising my doctoral proposal, and completed all the application procedures by early August. Then by mid-October, the admissions office finally sent me an Admissions Offer, to begin the programme in October 2019, one year from now. Once started, I would have four years to write the dissertation. There will be no course work; just dissertation writing under Vondey’s monthly supervision, and a yearly trip to Birmingham (covered under the tuition fees).

Let me briefly describe the institution’s global stature, along with how my dissertation falls within its concerns. While statistics vary, the University of Birmingham’s Department of Theology and Philosophy (under which falls the CPCS) often ranks as the 24th top theology department worldwide. The CPCS is the world’s first Pentecostal/Charismatic Studies centre, created in the 1970’s by the late founder of “Pentecostal Studies,” Walter J. Hollenweger. For more information, you can visit the following link: https://www.birmingham.ac.uk/schools/ptr/departments/theologyandreligion/research/pentecostal.aspx%5D

Meanwhile, Dr Vondey is presently one of the world’s premier Pentecostal theologians. His main expertise is Pentecostal liturgical theology; meaning, focus on how Pentecostal worship practices shape Pentecostal belief and spirituality. My dissertation would specifically focus on assessing emerging Pentecostal liturgical theologies worldwide, particularly to how they attend to the notion of Pentecostal “oral” liturgy (e.g., Pentecostal “oral”-based practices of worship).

Some have asked me what would be some practical implications of the dissertation. Well, it is really all about constructing a Pentecostal theology of prayer. So it is all about retrieving the relevant themes from Pentecostal spirituality and appropriating them towards the life of prayer; especially prayer that calls on the Father for renewed comings of the Spirit of Jesus, to renew the church in behalf of the world’s healing.

The Spirit of Jesus is filling
Sons and daughters of Pentecost
Who know their home at the altar of sacrifice.
From there they go, receiving from the Father
Many gifts for healing the world.
For the heart of God is an altar, where the burns the most flammable substance in all creation: His unfailing love. And this love generates— the fires of Pentecost.

Prayer requests / How you can help
I understand that at some point this month, the University of Birmingham will begin publicising their own sponsored scholarships and grants relevant to my programme. Once the university advertises these, I will start applying. Hence, for the next several months, I am now in something of a “race” to see if God willing, the means may all come together for this venture to begin next October.

Though the years go by, I remain passionate and increasingly passionate about one thing:
To preach the Pentecostal Full Gospel of Christ our Saviour, Sanctifier, Spirit Baptiser, Healer, and Coming King, and represent the Pentecostal tradition for the renewing of the Church worldwide, the saving of nations, and healing of creation.

Now ultimately, if it does not come together, I am ok with that, for to the best my conscience, I have strove to keep this long-held aspiration on the altar. Therefore, if it does not work, I do not see myself ever picking this up again. Yet for now, I fully feel prompted by God to follow through these steps before me— while also leaving the outcome in God’s hands and best for our future. I perhaps should also say that Jee Fong is fully behind me in this, and praying with me through the journey. Therefore, my postures is this: if it all comes together, thank God; and if it does not it— thanks be to God! Blessed be the name of the Lord!

Either way, I appreciate and solicit your prayer towards these matters and endeavours. And on a practical note, I value your involvement in any way possible, towards any new ministerial, church, organisational, or collaborative relations that may help foster these aspirations. So that together— we may seek and serve the up-building of the Church, the coming Kingdom, and the greater glory of God.

Let me share some thoughts from a message I recently preached from Ezekiel 37 titled, “Rattling Bones, Rising Hope, and Restoring Breath of Jesus”: Friends, your latter days are promising. For the glory of the latter house, shall be greater than the former house. Hope is rising, for reviving winds of God are blowing, and miracles are coming. For the one who runs before us – Jesus – pioneer and perfecter of our faith, is doing a new thing in and through us. The Spirit of Jesus shall raise your fallen seed a hundredfold, birthing for all nations— a harvest of peace, joy, and overflowing blessing. For this aim, the Lord blesses the fruit of your womb, the crops of your land, and the work of your hands. Only believe, receive, and sow for the coming harvest.

May the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, God’s love, and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit— increase and equip you with all good gifts of Heaven, that you may labour with God in His mission to heal the world.

The peace of Christ be yours through the power of God’s Spirit,

Monte

monterice@gmail.com
monteleerice.wordpress.com
sg.linkedin.com/in/monterice

Reflections from SPS 2018 meeting

Through the relational encounters, stimulating sessions, and hospitable ethos, I have departed from the 2018 Society for Pentecostal Studies meeting with renewed passion towards serving the Pentecostal tradition— for the unifying renewal of the global Church.
 
While this was my seventh consecutively attended conference, I find myself again renewed in conviction that I am a son of the Pentecostal Full Gospel, a steward entrusted with its saving grace for the whole world, and servant to its message of Christ our Saviour, Sanctifier, Spirit-baptiser, Healer, and Coming King.
 
From varied sessions, several themes sustain my departing reflection:
“Church, where is your good news for the poor? Have we traded our prophetic voice for a seat at the table at the privileged?”
 
“Where the margins are, Pentecost explodes.”
 
“Let us pray for those who cannot pray, for ours is simple and humble faith.”
 
“Let us listen to the questions the Majority World is asking, and let their questions shape our answers.” (paraphrase from Carlos Cardoza Orlandi’s plenary session on “The Breath of the Spirit and Our Theological Vocation”)
 
Pentecostal spirituality envisions and fosters:
A way of salvation, where through Christ the Spirit grows us into God’s loving presence, healing us by re-ordering their affections towards His kingdom, and sending them us in mission with God in behalf of its coming.
 
A holy way that forms a new people who embody and enact holy love.
 
An apostolic way of life within the mission of God for the renewal of all creation.
Paraphrased points from Dale Coulter’s plenary session on “Recovering a Wesleyan Vision of Pentecostalism: Five Theses”).
stock-vector-pentecost-descent-of-the-holy-spirit-in-form-of-tongues-of-fire-with-symbolic-people-or-645142681670722847.jpg

Sounds of the poor – Pentecostal oral liturgy as primary theology

I just turned in my paper for the 2018 S Conference (Society of Pentecostal Studies / http://www.sps-usa.org).  This meeting (8-10 March, 2018) will be held at the Pentecostal Theological Seminary, Cleveland, Tennessee, USA.  The conference theme is one that strikes deep in my heart: “The Good News of the Kingdom and the Poor in the Land.”  The conference will address pentecostal/charismatic responses to issues of poverty worldwide.

To be presented under the Ecumenical Interest Group, I have titled my presentation: “‘Sounds of the Poor that Deify the Rich’: Pentecostal Oral Liturgy as Primary Theology.”  The paper reflects themes I earlier developed for the first chapter of my dissertation proposal that was early last year approved for the Center for Pentecostal and Charismatic Studies under Bangor University, Wales, UK (For more information on this, see my web-page: https://monteleerice.wordpress.com)

Let me share some brief lines evoking themes from the paper, followed by a few quotes from it that more expansively summarise those themes.

Paper themes:

What am I talking about?

I’m talking about sounds learned in poverty

Groans spoke in prayer too deep for words.

But these are the sounds of Jubilee

Empowering the poor by restoring voices

Releasing captives by healing bodies

Making them instruments of worship

Recovering sight to the blind

Through give dreams, visions, and prophecies.

 

Training us in the priestly ministry

Of Christ the Spirit Baptizer

Restoring to us historical purpose

And apostolic destiny

Foregrounding the poor as prophets of God’s coming kingdom.

For the ascetics of Pentecostal oral liturgy

Deify the poor as partakers of Christ’s reign

For theirs is the kingdom of God.

Yet these sounds can also deify the rich

When they too embrace, learn, and speak the tongues of Pentecost.

 

I’m talking about the Lord’s Prayer

Praying for the coming of God’s kingdom

That His Spirit may renew the earth.

 

I am talking about the base meaning of theology, as prayer.

And primary theologians— people growing in communion with God through the practices of prayer.

The Christian faith is really a prayer movement that continues the priestly ministry of Jesus by daily invoking the Spirit for the renewing of creation.  Pentecostalism is a renewal movement calling the greater Church to her priestly vocation.  As Steven Land argued in his 1993 ground-breaking monograph, Pentecostal Spirituality, A Passion for the Kingdom: “Pentecostal theology-as-spirituality” is “theologia” being “restored to its ancient meaning” as prayer.  And “prayer . . . . is at the heart” of Pentecostal “spirituality.”

Some quotes from the Introduction and conclusion

INTRODUCTION

“An ongoing task in Pentecostal studies is identifying theological categories that articulate Pentecostal theology in manners congruent to the spirituality that underwrites Pentecostalism as a gifted theological tradition. . . .

I suggest as a more promising rubric, though perhaps more reminiscent of ancient Christian monastic asceticism.  The rubric I refer to is the patristic era’s monastic and thus ascetically rooted, Evagrian notion of prayer as theology (theologia).  This doctrine has deeply funded what we may call the contemporary liturgy as primary theology movement (LAPT).  Later I will demonstrate how two notions can be coalesced as what I shall call the Evagrian-LAPT grammar of prayer/liturgy.

In this paper, I suggest that the Evagrian-LAPT grammar provides us apt theological categories for theologically articulating Pentecostal spirituality, in manners methodically congruent to its intensely embodied oral liturgy, and practices of primary theologizing.  I thus believe that this grammar may prove especially helpful towards the growing focus in Pentecostal studies on the liturgical life of Pentecostalism.  I shall also suggest this as an apt orientation for articulating Pentecostal notions of liturgical theology, and theologically assessing current developments in Pentecostal liturgical studies, including construction of Pentecostal theology in manners that retrieve resources from the liturgical life of Pentecostalism. . . .

In Part One I will survey three historic warrants that substantiate the Evagrian-LAPT grammar as an apt language for theologically articulating Pentecostal spirituality, specifically attending to its liturgical practices.  I will first briefly summarize Evagrius’ prayer as theology doctrine.  I will then demonstrate how this doctrine funded the LAPT movement, and review its main themes.  I will then analyze Steven Land’s ground-breaking 1993 monograph titled, Pentecostal Spirituality, A Passion for the Kingdom.  I shall demonstrate that his monograph substantiates the grammar by showing how it was a direct by-product of the LAPT movement, thus describing Pentecostal spirituality through the Evagrian-LAPT grammar.  In Part Two I will retrieve from LAPT proponent and Roman Catholic liturgical theologian David W. Fagerberg, three important LAPT terms: primary theology, liturgy, and ascetics, to suggest ways that the Evagrian-LAPT grammar proves helpful towards research in Pentecostal liturgical theology.  I will thus suggest how this grammar helps clarify the meaning of pertinent foci within Pentecostal spirituality; specifically: Pentecostal primary theology, liturgy, and liturgical ascetics.

In Part Three, drawing on Walter Hollenweger’s work on Pentecostal orality and oral liturgy, along with Jesuit priest and anthropologist Walter Ong’s seminal work in orality studies, I shall delineate the shalomic efficacy of pentecostal oral liturgy and the oral epistemology operative through its liturgical practices.  More specifically, I shall argue that an important moral warrant for understanding Pentecostal orality as the liturgical ascetics of Pentecostalism, lies in their observed efficacy towards empowering the poor and lower social-economic people into higher levels of shalomic flourishing.  Yet as Hollenweger similarly argued, I shall also show how the primary oral-literacy of the world’s poor in contrast to the print-literacy and evolving IT secondary orality of the world’s rich, raises an important ecumenical task for today’s world Pentecostalism.  Namely, the task of reconciling these contrasting gifts and the people they represent as requisite towards the Christian vision of true shalomic flourishing.

CONCLUSION

In Part Three, I delineated the shalomic efficacy of Pentecostal oral liturgy and the oral epistemology operative through its liturgical practices.  I thus argued how these ascetics empower the world’s poor into higher levels of shalomic flourishing.  I also argued that when the rich embrace the poor and their primary orality epistemological giftedness, they too become empowered towards shalomic flourishing and true humanity.  Hence, I also argued that an important ecumenical task for today’s world Pentecostalism is the task of reconciling these contrasting gifts of rich and poor, not only for the uplift of the poor but that the rich be humanized through the primary oral epistemological giftedness of the world’s poor.

Therefore, the liturgical ascetics of Pentecostal oral liturgy prophetically signify, and efficaciously function, as the sounds of Jubilee.  For the orality that characterizes Pentecostal liturgical ascetics are sounds proclaiming the year of the Lord’s favour (Luke 4:18-19).  They are the sounds of good news empowering the poor, by restoring their voices, releasing captives by healing their bodies as instruments of worship, and recovering sight to the blind through the giving of eschatological hope through dreams, visions, and prophecies.

Pentecostal liturgical asceticism thus liminalizes the world’s poor into the riches of God’s coming kingdom.  Training them in the priestly ministry of Christ the Spirit Baptizer, it capacitates them with restored eschatological horizon and apostolic destiny, foregrounding them as prophets of His coming kingdom.  For the ascetics of Pentecostal oral liturgy, deify the poor as partakers of Christ’s reign, for theirs is the kingdom of God.  Learned in poverty, there are groans spoke in prayer too deep for words.  Yet the sounds of the poor deify the rich, as they too embrace, learn, and speak the tongues of Pentecost.